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Psychology and Mental Health: Abnormality-Grief and Guilt (Magill's Choice). by Jaclyn Rodriguez and Tracy Irons-Georges | Jan 1, Hardcover.
Table of contents
- Account Options
- Recognizing Signs of Mental Illness in Your Child
- Depression after abortion: Understanding and coping
If you need psychiatric inpatient care you should be admitted into a mother and baby unit, so you can stay together with your baby.
NICE has more information about treating mental health problems during pregnancy and after birth. You and your doctor should discuss the risk of treating or not treating your illness, as well as the risks to the developing baby of taking medicine or of becoming unwell during pregnancy. Taking medicine may carry risks for your unborn baby, but if you don't take medicine that has been prescribed for you, or you stop taking it, you might become seriously unwell and this can also be a risk. Find out more about mental health problems and medications in pregnancy. Sometimes — not always — a mental health problem can cause you to miss appointments.
If this happens while you're pregnant, it may mean you miss important health checks. This could increase your risk of pregnancy-related complications that would otherwise have been picked up. Postnatal depression can start any time in the first year after giving birth. It affects around 1 in 10 new mothers. Many women feel down, tearful or anxious in the first few days after giving birth. This is often called the "baby blues" and is so common it's considered normal — it doesn't last for more than 2 weeks after the birth.
If your symptoms last longer or start later, you could have postnatal depression. The earlier it's diagnosed and treated, the quicker you'll recover. Your health visitor and GP should talk with you about how you're feeling after the birth, but warning signs to watch out for include:.
If you think you may be depressed, talk to your doctor, midwife or health visitor as soon as possible, as they can arrange suitable care for you. The best way to treat depression is to seek help from a healthcare professional, but there are steps you can take yourself to build your resilience and help you recover once you've been diagnosed. Some mothers develop severe mental health problems such as postpartum psychosis a rare psychiatric illness affecting 1 in 1, women who have a baby and require specialist help. Find out about symptoms of postpartum psychosis and where to get help if it's happening to you or someone you're close to.
Consult your doctor or psychiatrist as soon as you decide to start trying for a baby, or as soon as you learn you're pregnant, to discuss any risks associated with taking or stopping your medicine during pregnancy and breastfeeding. A very small number of medicines may increase the risk of physical defects and development problems in the unborn baby. After talking with you, your doctors may suggest changing or stopping the medicine you're taking.
Don't alter your drug treatment or stop taking treatment without specialist advice, especially during pregnancy.
The medicine sodium valproate can cause serious physical and brain neurological and develoment problems in an unborn baby. If valproate is taken during pregnancy, around 1 in 10 babies are born with birth defects and up to 4 in 10 babies will have developmental problems. Women and girls who are able to get pregnant must not be given sodium valproate unless they have enrolled in a "pregnancy prevention programme".
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This is designed to make sure they understand:. Your doctor will give you an information leaflet to explain more about the risks and how to avoid them. Keep this information in case you need to refer it again. If you have mild to moderate symptoms or poor mental health, your doctor may suggest you switch from medicine to other treatments such as counselling.
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Click on "postnatal mental health" in the general topics list on the RCP's problems and disorders page. Page last reviewed: 4 April Next review due: 4 April Mental health problems and pregnancy - Your pregnancy and baby guide Secondary navigation Getting pregnant Secrets to success Healthy diet Planning: things to think about Foods to avoid Alcohol Keep to a healthy weight Vitamins and supplements Exercise. When you can get pregnant Signs and symptoms When you can take a test Finding out.
Help if you're not getting pregnant Fertility tests Fertility treatments. Work out your due date When pregnancy goes wrong Sign up for weekly pregnancy emails.
Antenatal care with twins Pregnant with twins Healthy multiple pregnancy Getting ready for twins. Where to give birth: your options Antenatal classes Make and save your birth plan Pack your bag for birth. Due date calculator. Routine checks and tests Screening for Down's syndrome Checks for abnormalities week scan week scan Ultrasound scans If screening finds something. What is antenatal care Your antenatal appointments Who's who in the antenatal team. The flu jab Whooping cough Can I have vaccinations in pregnancy?
Recognizing Signs of Mental Illness in Your Child
Healthy eating Foods to avoid Drinking alcohol while pregnant Exercise Vitamins and supplements Stop smoking Your baby's movements Sex in pregnancy Pharmacy and prescription medicines Reduce your risk of stillbirth Illegal drugs in pregnancy Your health at work Pregnancy infections Travel If you're a teenager. Overweight and pregnant Mental health problems Diabetes in pregnancy Asthma and pregnancy Epilepsy and pregnancy Coronary heart disease and pregnancy Congenital heart disease and pregnancy.
Hyperemesis gravidarum Real story: hyperemesis gravidarum Hyperemesis gravidarum: husband's story Pre-eclampsia Gestational diabetes Obstetric cholestasis. Work out your due date Make and save your birth plan Maternity and paternity benefits Print your to-do list When pregnancy goes wrong. The start of labour Signs of labour What happens when you arrive at hospital Premature labour Induction. What happens during labour and birth Forceps and ventouse delivery Pain relief Episiotomy What your birth partner can do Breech and transverse birth Caesarean Giving birth to twins What happens straight after the baby is born You after the birth Getting to know your newborn.
Feelings and relationships Dads and partners If you have a chronic condition When pregnancy goes wrong. Premature or ill babies Premature baby: mum's story Premature baby: dad's story. Make your birth plan.
Depression after abortion: Understanding and coping
How to breastfeed Breastfeeding: the first few days Breastfeeding FAQs Breastfeeding positions and latch Benefits of breastfeeding Help and support Breastfeeding in public Expressing breast milk Breastfeeding a premature baby When to stop breastfeeding. Common breastfeeding problems Breastfeeding and thrush Breastfeeding and tongue tie Is my baby getting enough milk? Help for sore nipples Breast pain while breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding and diet Breastfeeding and medicines Breastfeeding and smoking Breastfeeding and alcohol Going back to work. Bottle feeding advice Sterilising bottles Combining breast and bottle Making up infant formula Types of infant formula Infant formula: common questions. Newborn blood spot test Newborn hearing test Newborn physical examination.
What you'll need for your baby Washing and bathing your baby Getting your baby to sleep Soothing a crying baby How to change a nappy Nappy rash First aid kit for babies Baby car seats and car safety. Being a new parent Services for support for parents Rights and benefits for parents. We live each day on the premise of continuity, that what is here in one instant will also be here in the next.
But the March 11 disaster destroyed that continuity in an instant. In that instant, what had been the very basis of our lives, our existence taken for granted, was taken from us. In that instant, the connections to loved ones, loved things, loved places, taken for granted in daily life, were taken from us. Faced with the extreme fear induced by that situation, people experience severe traumatic reactions and enter an abnormal psychological state Table 2. But this is no more than a normal reaction to an abnormal situation. I keep having nightmares.
When people experience psychological trauma, they will usually experience symptoms including insomnia, depression, fatigue, anger, frustration, feelings of helplessness, emotional numbing, anxiety, and an inability to concentrate. In most cases, however, trauma recovery is possible through rest and recreational activities in an environment in which they feel supported and safe. However, in cases where people cannot recover naturally in this way, they develop a mental disorder called post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD , in which they become unable to get rid of the fear they have experienced.
The March disaster was of such great scale that it has had extremely serious and complex psychological effects on victims, far beyond the normal framework of reactions to trauma. In addition, the tsunami is a very particular disaster. After an earthquake, what was destroyed remains there in place. But the tsunami sweeps away everything, taking not just lives but even the bodies of the dead.
The sense of loss that people feel when their loved ones pass away begins to decrease after the funeral, which acts as a farewell ceremony for the deceased. But funerals cannot be held for the missing. Moreover, some victims of the disaster are now deprived of all the things that formed the backdrop to their daily lives, including their houses, mementoes, the neighborhood landscape — the things with which they had grown up and coexisted. They have lost even their jobs — the way they made their living. They have lost virtually everything related to their daily lives. As a result, they develop the kinds of grief reactions described in Table 3.
To avoid prolonged trauma and grief, it is first necessary to ensure that the victims feel secure by providing shelter and medical services. It is necessary to communicate the fact that it is natural to feel anxious after a disaster and that it will take some time for that anxiety to subside. It is also important to help them to relax, including for example teaching breathing exercises and relaxation methods and suggesting recreational activities, as these things will help them to unwind mentally. Experts and volunteers have been working for more than six months since the disaster to give psychological support to the victims, who now face new problems that emerge after they get over the initial stage.
Refugees helped each other at the evacuation centers, but after moving to temporary accommodation increased independence can lead to strengthened feelings of isolation, depression and grief. Alcoholism increasingly becomes a problem as some turn to drink to suppress emotions.